What Is Psoriasis?

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Psoriasis is a condition that causes skin cells to build upon the skin. This build-up of skin cells causes itchy, dry patches and scales. People who have psoriasis often have dry skin patches and scaly skin on their elbows, scalp, and knees, but these patches can form anywhere on the body. The psoriasis condition can last a few years or a lifetime. Although there are effective treatments for psoriasis, there is no cure.

What Are the Symptoms of Psoriasis?

There are a variety of symptoms associated with psoriasis, including:

  • Silvery scales on the skin
  • Red patches of skin
  • Red patches of skin
  • Scaling spots
  • Burning or soreness of patches on the skin
  • Thick, ridged nails
  • Stiff and sometimes swollen joints

Psoriasis patches can be large or small in size. Individuals can experience psoriasis cycles that flare for a few weeks or months. People may also experience complete remission of these symptoms and skin patches.

What Are the Different Types of Psoriasis?

The different types of psoriasis include:

  • Plaque psoriasis
  • Nail psoriasis
  • Guttate psoriasis
  • Inverse psoriasis
  • Pustular psoriasis
  • Erythrodermic psoriasis
  • Psoriatic arthritis

Plaque Psoriasis 

Plaque psoriasis is the most common type of psoriasis. This condition causes red skin lesions and dry skin. These plaques can be itchy or painful and there can be multiple patches on the body at once.

Nail Psoriasis 

Psoriasis is a condition that can affect the nails. This condition causes abnormal nail growth, pitting, and discoloration of the nail. In severe cases, this type of psoriasis can cause nails to crumble or separate from the nail bed.

Guttate Psoriasis 

This type of psoriasis primarily affects children and young adults. Guttate psoriasis is caused by a bacterial infection, such as strep throat. This form of psoriasis causes scaling lesions that appear on the arms, legs, trunk, and scalp. People who have guttate psoriasis may have repeated outbreaks or have one outbreak that clears up on its own.

Inverse Psoriasis 

Inverse psoriasis is a condition that affects the skin on multiple places on the body, including the armpits, groin, under the breasts, and around the genitals. This type of psoriasis is triggered by fungal infections and worsens due to friction and sweating. Inverse psoriasis causes the skin to become inflamed and creates smooth, red patches on the skin.

Pustular Psoriasis 

This type of psoriasis is uncommon and creates widespread patches. These patches can appear on the fingertips, hands, and feet. Pustular psoriasis develops quickly and creates blisters.

Erythrodermic Psoriasis 

This type of psoriasis creates a red, peeling rash that can burn or itch. Erythrodermic psoriasis is the least common type of psoriasis that can have severe symptoms.

Psoriasis Arthritis 

Psoriatic arthritis creates scaly and inflamed skin. This type of psoriasis cause joints to become swollen and painful. The symptoms of psoriatic arthritis vary in severity.

What Are Some of the Common Causes of Psoriasis?

Some of the common causes of different types of psoriasis include:

  • Stress
  • Smoking
  • Infection
  • Overuse of alcohol
  • Injury to skin
  • Vitamin D deficiency
  • Specific medications

What Are the Risk Factors Associated with Psoriasis?

Different risk factors associated with psoriasis include:

  • Stress
  • Obesity
  • Family history
  • Smoking
  • Viral and bacterial infections

When Should A Doctor Be Seen Regarding Psoriasis?

  • Individuals who have any type of psoriasis should see a doctor if this condition:
  • Causes discomfort and pain
  • Makes performing daily tasks a challenge
  • Makes you question the condition of your skin
  • Leads to joint problems that can cause severe pain and swelling

3 Highly Recommended Dermatologists for Psoriasis Treatment

NYU Lagone

This psoriasis treatment facility specialize in arthritis treatment and light therapy. NYU Lagone is a great treatment option if you're looking for specialists with experience. This facility helps improve the appearance of the skin and helps alleviate many of the symptoms associated with psoriasis.

Dermatology Associates of Atlanta

The Dermatology Associates of Atlanta are a good choice for treatment for people who are looking for more than one treatment option, innovative technology, and specialized programs. This psoriasis treatment facility addresses this condition from head to toe in great detail to give individuals a complete care option that clears the skin.

Penn Dermatology

Penn Dermatology is a reliable treatment option for individuals who are interested in seeking treatment from a top medical facility staffed with highly-skilled dermatologists. This psoriasis treatment facility provides a comprehensive program that features cutting edge treatments that are designed to improve a person's quality of life by addressing the symptoms associated with psoriasis. A few treatment options include laser treatments and injections.

Individuals who have psoriasis no longer have to deal with this condition on their own. These dermatology facilities can determine the cause of psoriasis and begin proper treatment to help individuals cope with living with psoriasis.

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